What are the common dental problems?

Why is it essential to visit a dental clinic in Karachi every six months? Visiting professional and experienced dentists can often help you detect early dental problems. Therefore, whenever you face the common dental problems listed below, book an appointment with a dentist as soon as possible.

Here are some of the most frequently faced dental problems.

Tooth Decay

What is tooth decay? This is also referred to as dental cavities or caries. This dental problem is one of the most common problems that dentist in Karachi find in patients. Practically everyone, at some time in their life, has experienced cavities. It occurs when germs form a film known as plaque on the side of teeth. The germs produce acids from the sugars in the diet. As a result, the acids eat away and forever damage the enamel or outside layer of your tooth. After that, the acids begin working on the smoother dentin layer below the enamel.

Such breakdown of the tooth can take the lead to cavities or cracks in your teeth. It might also result in toothaches, including pain when you consume and drink something hot or old.

  • Other causes of tooth decay or cavities can be:
  • Brown spots on your teeth
  • an unpleasant taste
  • bad breath.

Dental care starts with evaluating the level of your tooth decay and advising a course of action. It may consist of fillings, crowns, or a root canal. The choice chosen may be removal followed by dental dentures or implants. Prevent your tooth decay by brushing your teeth and flossing them twice. Make sure you get regular checkups with your dentist to get the plaque scraped from your teeth.

Bad Breath

Bad breath is, also referred to as halitosis, is one of the most common dental problems experienced. It is also between the most distressing ones. Bad breath can be triggered by various different factors such as:

  • dry mouth
  • infections
  • different types of medication
  • poor dental hygiene
  • cancer
  • acid reflux

Moreover, one or more of the foods you consume could also be the reason for your halitosis. Flavors such as garlic and onion are said to be common causes. Since the causes of bad breath are so diverse, your dentist will do a full assessment and advise a course of action that best suits you.

Sensitive Teeth

Your teeth can turn out to be sensitive to hot and cold foodstuff and drinks when the enamel is frayed away and the dentin is bare. The dentin has pipes that lead to the nerve greater inside the tooth. As a result, hot or cold substances can move along the tubes to the nerve and produce intense pain. Tooth sensitivity is, also referred to as dentin hypersensitivity, can be initiated by cavities. However, there can be other causes like:

  • root infection
  • gum diseases
  • broken or cracked tooth
  • enamel erosions
  • damaged gums
  • worn-out fillings

You might also have sensitive teeth due to the enamel layer of your teeth being naturally thin. However, there are various kinds of toothpaste and mouthwashes meant exclusively for use with sensitive teeth. Besides that, your dentist might also advise a fluoride treatment or a root canal. The selected treatment varies depending on the seriousness of your case.

Cracked or Broken Teeth

Broken or cracked teeth can be caused by many reasons such as:

  • injuries
  • chewing hard food substances
  • Mouth piercings
  • Grinding of teeth while you doze off

In addition, a cracked or broken tooth can result in a lot of pain, varying on the level of the damage. Irrespective of how bad you believe the crack or chip is, you must have it analyzed and handled by a dentist as soon as you can. Possibilities for resolving this dental problem can be a veneer, crown, or the use of tooth-colored filling.

Receding Gums

This type of dental problem might be caused by and can lead to additional common dental problems. The dental problem can also lead to more severe issues, such as losing a tooth. This is because the condition uncovers the fragile root of the tooth, making it vulnerable to damage. Thinning gums can be caused by a various factors such as:

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Brushing very harshly
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal fluctuations in women

Your receding gums can be inherited, which is if the condition runs in your family tree. Dental care for receding gums contains a comprehensive cleaning of your teeth by professional dentists. You may also be shown how to clean your teeth properly. Serious cases may need to be cured with a gum graft or other types of surgery.

Root Infection

The center or root of your tooth can turn out to be infected and bloated with germs. This most often occurs due to cavities, cracks, or fractures in the tooth. Moreover, root infection can lead to injured tissues and nerves of the tooth and resulting in the development of abscesses. A chronic aching toothache is one for sure a sign of root infection. Both eating and biting are likely to get painful. In some cases, the part of the face in the area of the infection also becomes inflamed.

Such a dental problem can be cured by a root canal. Although many people cringe in fear at the idea of having a root canal operated, the method is actually very safe with slight pain since dentists use sedatives while performing such treatments.

Dry Mouth

Any individual can be affected by this type of dental problem. It is not a normal part of aging, but it is more popular among elderly people. Reasons for dry mouth can be cancer treatments, salivary gland infection, nerve damage, and diabetes. Not just that, there are various kinds of medicines that can also bring on dry mouth. You can solve this problem by taking continuous water sips throughout the entire day. You can avoid foods that are drying, such as tobacco, caffeine, sweets, and alcohol, ensuring your mouth isn’t dry.

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